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REVIEW OF LITERATURE

 

Forward Head Posture and Decreased Lordotic Curvature of the Cervical Spine – The Potential Sequelae of Abnormal Alignment


Grant Tully, B.S., D.C.


Annals of Vertebral Subluxation Research ~ March 28, 2016 ~ Pages 21-24


Abstract


Objective: The purpose of this review is to identify and discuss potential pathological conditions secondary to forward head posture and decreased lordotic curve of the cervical spine.  


Discussion: Forward head posture and a decreased cervical curve affect the biomechanics of the spine.  This can accelerate cervical spine degeneration, contribute to cervical myelopathy, affect proprioception, and contribute to neurodegenerative diseases.  There are physiological mechanisms that can explain these phenomenon and this review examines them.


Conclusion: Forward head posture and a decrease in cervical lordosis may play a role in numerous pathologies by altering biomechanics.  


Keywords: Forward head posture, cervical spine, lordosis, kyphosis, vertebral subluxation